Suggested Thesis: Although Japanese Americans endured harsh condition in the internment camps, they attempted to make life as normal as possible.
Most of the 110,000 persons removed for reasons of 'national security' were school-age children, infants and young adults not yet of voting age."
"Years of Infamy", Michi Weglyn
"I remember the soldiers marching us to the Army tank and I looked at their rifles and I was just terrified because I could see this long knife at the end . . . I thought I was imagining it as an adult much later . . . I thought it couldn't have been bayonets because we were just little kids."
-from "Children of the Camps"
Please note that the following links are to get you started on your research.
Exploring Japanese American Internment Camps Two-thirds were American citizens. Over half were children or infants.
Manzanar National Historic Site Manzanar War Relocation Center was one of ten camps where Japanese American citizens and resident Japanese aliens were interned during World War II.
Japanese-Americans: The War at Home Norman Mineta's story is just one boy's experience of living in an internment camp. Every Japanese American from this time in history has his or her own story to tell. This is Norman's. (GIVES BEST BACKGROUND INFORMATION--READ FIRST)
Japanese Internment Camps and Their Effects LIFE DURING · LIFE AFTER · RESOURCES
Exploring the Japanese American Internment The text and video clips featured in this section present glimpses of the upheaval, uncertainty, terror and outrage experienced during the Japanese American Internment. Make sure that you look at the multiple links on this site--This is an excellent site with many videos and a great deal of information(Please note for most video, you will need to click the start button)
Japanese-American Internment Camps The Japanese-American (Nisei) and the Japanese aliens (Issei) on the West Coast were rounded up and moved to assembly centers and then to internment camps. ...
Camp Harmony Exhibit This exhibit tells the story of Seattle's Japanese American community in the spring and summer of 1942 and their four month sojourn at the Puyallup Assembly Center known as "Camp Harmony."
Children of Minidoka Although surrounded by barbed wire and watch towers, the children still experienced many of the same activities as children did outside of camp. This web site presents selected documents illustrating children's lives in Minidoka.
Heart Mountain -- A Story Worth Remembering
Health Impact Long-term health consequences included psychological anguish as well as increased cardiovascular disease.
"Most Honorable Son" personal odyssey of this Nebraska-born Nisei whose sense of shame over the bombing as a Japanese American and sense of loyalty to his country as a native-born American drove him to enlist to fight the Axis powers
Baseball behind barbed wire For those that remained in the internment camps, baseball became what Nakagawa calls "a saving graceLife in a WWII Japanese-American Internment Camps Baseball Saved Us is a story about a young American boy of Japanese descent named Shorty who is forced to leave his home and move to an army prison camp for the duration of the war.
Letters Written in Camp
Read a collection of letters written by Japanese-American kids and teenagers.
Japanese Americans in Oregon
PHOTOGRAPHS Photographs from multiple sources
Impounded Lange's photographs make her condemnation of the internment policy quite clear, clear enough that the army brass did not want the pictures publicly released. After the war, they were deposited in the National Archives. A few have been used by scholars and a small selection in a publication of several different photographers' work by the Asian American Studies Center of the University of California/ Los Angeles, but Lange's images have never been published or exhibited on their own. Now a new book features 119 out of the approximately 800 photographs she made: Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese American Internment, edited by Linda Gordon and Gary Y. Okihiro (Norton, 2006).
U. S. Government Produced Films
Please note these are films made by the U.S. government giving reasons why Japanese Americans should be placed in internment camps.
Challenge to Democracy, A (1944) Government-produced film attempting to defend the massive internment of Japanese Americans in concentration camps during World War II.
Japanese Relocation (ca. 1943) U.S. government-produced film defending the World War II internment of Japanese American citizens.
Japanese Relocation: Typical Relocation Center (1943) Producer: War Information Office Audio/Visual: silent, black and white
Japanese Relocation: Work At The Center (1943) Producer: War Information Office Audio/Visual: silent, black and white
Japanese Relocation: Second Wave of Japanese Leave For Relocation Centers (1943) Audio/Visual: silent, black and white
Japanese Relocation: Abandoned Japanese Businesses (1943) Producer: War Information Office
Japanese Relocation: Building More Housing For More Relocated Japanese Yet To Come (1943) Producer: War Information Office
Japanese Relocation: Japanese Children And Teacher (1943) Producer: War Information Office
Milton Eisenhower Explains U.S. Reasons For Japanese Relocation (1943) Producer: War Information Office Audio/Visual: sound, black and white
Historical Propaganda - Japanese Internment WWII Same film as above except found on TeacherTube
Hope in the Time of Fear(3 Films from multiple perspectives--scroll down to find the films)
Assorted Videos of First Person Accounts of Life in Japanese American Internment Camps
CHILDREN OF THE CAMPS VIDEO "Please release my father"
YOUTUBE VIDEO: Japanese American Internment Camps -History 12
Assorted Web Sites Associated with Japanese American Internment During WW II
Worksheets that can be useful for the project: